Jivitputrika Vrat Puja

Jivitputrika vrat puja is celebrated in Bihar-Jharkhand by mothers for the well being of their sons. Jivitputrika vrat is a very popular and traditional festival celebrated all over India, but with too much zest in Bihar - Jharkhand.

Jivitputrika vrat puja is celebrated in Bihar-Jharkhand in the month of Ashwin [september] and a fast is observed by mothers for the well being of their sons.

It is believed that in ancient times there lived a king named Jimutwahan who brought back many people to life after Garuda the legendary bird mount of Lord Vishnu had killed and eaten their flesh.The king is said to have offered himself for the killing in place of a boy which moved the bird and it agreed to give back life to all the dead young people. So, the women folk pray and observe a fast which lasts for about a day and half without even sipping water. A day before the fast women need to bathe and do puja after which a meal of some specific items is done and the items vary from area to area. People in the Mithilanchal generally have fish on this day as a must have item. The day of the fast begins at a particular auspicious time before which the women are allowed to eat something, usually curd, chura[beaten rice]and sweets and this is termed 'otgan'.

The whole family actually can do 'otgan' on Jivitputrika Vrat. Then begins the fasting. The puja process varies from area to area. In some areas women offer a basket full of fruits and local sweet delicacies covering it with a huge leaf or new piece of cloth and then having it unfolded by the sons after the fast ends. Women also form groups and listen to 'katha' or a story associated with the fast from an elderly female member. The fast ends as Navami arrives since the fast is observed on ashtami. After the end of the fast the women folk eat several delicacies including the normal food barring non-vegetarian items which is termed 'parna'.

The significance of the Jivitputrika vrat puja is the protection of sons of the family from all dangers to life. Though, of late people have started doing the Jivitputrika vrat puja for their daughters too which is a healthy change.

Jivitputrika vrat is also known as Jitiya in some parts of India.


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